- self-defense group with approximately 40 members was organized. In 1918–19, during the period of the Ukrainian independence, a Jewish National Assembly, headed by E. Byk and M. Binenstock (1881–1923), and a Jewish militia were established, and a weekly newspaper, Yidishe Folksshtime, was published in Stry. Between the two world wars, when Stry was part of Poland, all the Zionist parties and agudat israel had branches there. A vocational school set up by the American Jewish Joint Distribution committee (Joint), a tarbut school, and a Safah Berurah school were founded during the 1920s. The historian and geographer abraham jacob brawer and the educator and poet eisig silberschlag were born in Stry which was also the home of the Polish-Jewish author J. Stryjkowski who describes Jewish life there prior to World War II in many of his works. The Jewish population of the city was 10,988 (40% of the total) in 1921, 10,869 in 1931, and approximately 12,000 in 1939. (Arthur Cygieman) -Holocaust Period When the city was occupied by the Soviet Union after the outbreak of World War II, organized Jewish life came to a standstill. All charitable, religious, and cultural institutions were closed, and some of the leaders of the community were arrested and deported. In 1941, before the Germans entered Stry, even official Soviet Jewish leaders were arrested, including Beni Garfunkel and Benjamin Klein, and some others were executed. When the Germans occupied Stry, on July 2, 1941, hundreds of Jews were immediately killed by the Ukrainians aided by the Nazis. Oskar Hutrer was appointed head of the judenrat . At the first mass execution, in November 1941, 1,200 Jews were shot in the Holobotow Forest. The winter of 1941–42 was marked by frequent manhunts for young Jews, who were sent to labor camps, where many of them died. The second mass Aktion took place in May 1942. On Sept. 1, 1942 thousands of Jews were sent to the belzec extermination camp. This was followed by the deportation of 2,000 Jews to the same camp on Oct. 17–18, 1942. Before the local ghetto was established, on Dec. 1, 1942, small numbers of Jews managed to escape to Hungary via the Carpathian Mountains. Further Aktionen took place in February 1943, when 2,000 Jews were killed in the city itself, and on May 22, 1943, when 1,000 Jews were murdered in the local cemetery. The ghetto was finally liquidated at the beginning of June 1943, Jewish houses were systematically burned down, and any Jews hiding in the ruins were killed. In July the labor camps were also liquidated, so that by August 1943 Stry became judenrein . In the following months Jews in hiding were caught and executed. When the Soviet army occupied Stry on Aug. 8, 1944, there were only a few Jewish survivors. No Jewish community was reestablished. Societies of Stry Jews were established in Israel and the United States. (Aharon Weiss) -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Halpern, Pinkas, index; B. Wasiutyński, Ludność żydowska w Polsce w wiekach XIX i XX (1930), 123, 131, 148, 154; S. Borensztejn, Ludność żydowska w Polsce w okresie międzywojennym (1963), 279; M. Bersohn, Dyplomataryusz, dotyczący Ẓydowska w Polsce (1910), no. 294; A. Prohaska, Historja miasta Stryja (1926); I. Schiper, Dzieje handlu żydowskiego na ziemach polskich (1937), index; Sefer Stry (1962).
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
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Stry  — Stry, 1) rechter Nebenfluß des Dniestr im österreichischen Galizien, entspringt an der ungarischen Grenze auf den Karpaten, nimmt den Opor auf u. mündet nach 25 Meilen langem Laufe bei Zydaczow; 2) Kreis des Königreichs Galizien, 122,08 QM.,… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Stry  — Stry, 1) Abraham van S., geb. 31. Decbr. 1753 in Dortrecht, Maler, ausgezeichnet in Blumen u. Fruchtstücken, historischen Gemälden, bes. in Bildnissen in Öl, Genrebildern u. Landschaften. Am bekanntesten sind seine inneren Ansichten u. die auf… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Stry  — Stry, österr. galiz. Stadt am S., einem Nebenflusse des Dniestr, mit 6900 E., darunter 2/3 Juden … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Stry  — Stry, Abraham van, geb. zu Dordrecht 1753, malte besonders Genrebilder, Landschaften in Kuyps Styl und machte sich verdient durch Stiftung der Gesellschaft Pictura in Dordrecht (1774), aus der ausgezeichnete Maler hervorgingen; st. 1826. Ebenso… … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
stry — spin·stry; stry·mon; … English syllables
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stry — to spoil or destroy. Norf … A glossary of provincial and local words used in England
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